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Location

Central Community Source

In rural areas, many people acquire their water by digging wells or boreholes to pump groundwater up to the surface. Many communities have communal water sources that deliver water to a central location such as a school or a community center.

Once water is pumped or otherwise delivered to the central source, community members must collect it themselves and transport it to their homes. In some cases, they must also treat water at the household.

Some community wells and boreholes are financed and dug by the government or a nongovernmental organization. Others are constructed, and funded, by the local community.

These systems are common in communities that lack the infrastructure for household service, primarily in the developing world. They are found in both urban slums and far-flung rural locations.

Community water source systems require a moderate level of permanent infrastructure, such as pumping equipment, which must be maintained at moderate expense. Many communities are able to handle their own maintenance needs. Those who can are able to achieve self-sufficiency and local control over their supply of this most basic human need.

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